Problem 1: Cake didn't rise
Possible Cause: Too much water and oil.
Pan too large.
Oven temperature too low and/ or cake under-baked.
Batter sat too long before baking.
Problem 2:Cake shrunk
Possible Cause: Too much water or oil.
Oven temperature too high and/ or under-baked.
Problem 3: Cake is soggy/dense/heavy
Possible Cause: Cake underbaked and/or removed before done baking.
Oven door opened during baking.
Too much water and oil.
Ingredients under- or over-beaten.
Problem 4: Cake is dry /crumbly
Possible Cause: Oven temperature too high and/ or over-baked.
Not enough water, oil or egg.
Problem 5: Cake is split down middle
Possible Cause: Ingredient overbeaten.
Problem 6: Cake ran over sides of pan
Possible Cause: Oven temperature too low
Too much batter in pan (fill no more than 2/3 full)
Too much water.
Pan or oven rack no level.
Pan placed off-center in oven.
Problem 7: Cake is sticking to pan
Possible Cause: Pan not greased or lined with parchment paper.
Cake not cooled long enough.
Cake not loosened with knife or spatula before removing.
Problem 8: Cake is difficult to frost
Possible Cause : Cake not completely cool.
Frosting not proper consistency.